Understanding the Knee

The knee is the largest joint in the body and is comprised of three bones: the femur, the tibia and the patella, or kneecap. The knee is surrounded by tendons and ligaments that stabilize the joint and connect it to nearby muscles and bones. 

Knee Injuries

Because the knee is a complex joint, it can be prone to injury. Common knee injuries include fractures, dislocation and tears to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), and the medial collateral ligament (MCL). It’s also possible to tear your meniscus and tendons.

Knee Injury Symptoms

Knee injury symptoms can include swelling, instability, pain, or stiffness around the knee. You may hear crunching or popping noises coming from the knee, and you may not be able to fully straighten the affected leg. If you have noticeable swelling, see an obvious injury in your leg or knee, or can’t put weight on your leg, then you should visit a doctor immediately. 

Knee Treatment

The RICE method (rest, ice, compression, elevation) can be helpful in reducing inflammation for minor knee injuries. Our team may prescribe physical therapy or various forms of pain management depending on your condition. If you’ve torn a ligament or damaged your meniscus, you may require surgical joint repair or the attention of a sports medicine specialist. If your knee is severely damaged, you may receive a total joint replacement in which the knee is replaced by a prosthetic joint.